C.W.Holeman III

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"You're in America now," I said. "Our idea of diplomacy is showing up with a gun in one hand and a sandwich in the other and asking which you'd prefer."

--Harry Dresden [Turn Coat, by Jim Butcher]

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There are only 10 kinds of people in the world: Those who know binary, and those who don't.

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Holeman Simplified English (2.5)



A note to the reader: This entire page was corrupted during a transition from a Chinese file server. I am slowly making my way through it and fixing it piece by piece.

Table of Contents

  1. The Need and Solution
  2. Current Implementation
    1. Repeating Letters
    2. Treatment of Vowels
    3. Addition, Removal, and Modification of Letters and Digraphs
    4. Punctuation and Special Modifiers
  3. Boxed Commons
  4. Future Versions

The Need and Solution

The English language is a fractured conglomeration that has been mashed together from a wide variety of disparate languages, including though not limited to German, French, Greek, Latin, and more. The Scandinavians, Normans, & the Dutch influenced English as well. This has led to massive internal conflicts and a dizzying array of rules and exceptions. Even life-long native English speakers often have difficulty with some less-than-clear spellings.

HSE was created with three primary aims:

  1. To clear out as many internal inconsistencies as possible.
  2. Reduce the physical size of written texts.
  3. Remain close enough to standard English to allow any English speaker to learn it quickly and easily.

The 64,000 foot picture of the changes made to standard English to create HSE include:

Current Implementation (2.3)

Addition, Removal, and Modification of Letters and Digraphs

Modern English has a number of diagraphs; multiple letters used to form a single phoneme (sound). HSE strives to remove each of these. As of HSE 2.0, six have been removed.

C, K, S, & Q.

The Letters C and Q are redundant and only add confusion to language. Is that scent, cent or sent? What about your questions? Why not cuestions, or kuestions?

The letters C and Q are removed. The soft "C" is replaced with the now universal "S." Both the hard "C" and all uses of the letter "Q" are replaced with the now common "K." Hards become "K", softs become "S".

CH : The "Chaw."

The "CH" combination is eliminated, and replaced with the new Chaw **CH**, or "K." Chaos = Kaos. Chase = **CH**ase.

SH : The "Shaw."

The "SH" combination is eliminated, and replaced with the new Shaw. Sh = **SH**, **sh**. "Should" now pronounced, "s'hood" if not correctly respelled "**sh**ould."

TH : The "Thorn" revived.

The thorn is an ancient part of the English language, reaching as far back as Old English, that fell out of use (partly due to a limited number of letter blocks being available on the early printing press, which you can learn more about here). When it was revived for HSE, the trasitional symbol used to represent the letter "þ" was deemed too similar to the letters p and b, particularly in the hand-written form. Therefore the new symbol was created to represent the old letter.

The "TH" combination is eliminated, and replaced with the new/old Thorn.

The Thorn may be approximated with **TH**, **th**.

Diagraph: the ***. Non Diagraph Enthall = Enthall, Enthall. ***

ING : The "Enga."

The "ING" combination is eliminated, and replaced with the new Enga, **ING**.

The Soft G

The soft G is replaced in all cases with a "J." Giant = Jiant. Orange = Orangje. Jogging giraffes = Jogging jiraffes

The PH & GH Combinations

"PH" and "GH" never make an "F" sound. Phone = Fone. If the peculiar word "P'hone" is desired, use "Phone."

  • Cough = K**ou**f).

    Hiatus, & Diaeresis

    An trema is a horizontal pair of dots over a letter, for example an trema on an o looks like this: ö. An trema is used in English to indicate a break in the flow of a word. For example, in coöperate the trema reminds the reader that the word has four syllables co-op-er-ate, not three, coop-er-ate.

    In the case of a hiatus (a break in the flow), the use of a diaeresis (a mark indcating a break, in this instance an umlaut such as ö, or ü) is highly encouraged. For example, in the spelling coöperate, This can also be used in non-vowel situations as a reminder to the reader that HSE does not use digraphs as well as for consistency.

    Oo = ***
    • Diagraph: cooperate = cöperate.

    • Non Diagraph: wood = wod.

    Repeating Letters

    Repeating letters are eliminated in HSE. This is accomplished by removing the second occurrence of the letter, and underlining the first thus: tt = t. For example: wood = wod. Or in the case of a diagraph: cooperate = cöperate. If three or more letters are needed in sequence, they would be added after the doubled letter:

    Treatment of Vowels

    The shape of the vowel letters have been modified in order to make them take up less space, and to make them faster to write. Capital and lowercase vowels are the same shape, but may be scaled differently. Multiple vowels, may be strung together, sharing lines-in-common. ***

    New Forms

    A, a = **A**, **a**.
    E, e = **E**, **e**.
    I, i = **I**, **i**.
    O, o = **O**, **o**.
    U, u = **U**, **u**.

    Placement

    Generally vowels are moved up and left, so that they rest above the consonant preceding them. In the case of a vowel starting a word, they are left in the same position as a consonant.

    Examples of Proper Vowel Usage

    On the Letter Y as a Consonant or Vowel

    Sometimes, the letter y is a consonant, and other times it is a vowel. The rule for telling the two apart is simple: The letter y is a consonant when it is the first letter of a syllable that has more than one letter. If y is anywhere else in the syllable, it is a vowel.

    Examples of Y as a Consonant
    Examples of Y as a Vowel

    Punctuation and Special Modifier Glyphs

    Punctuation ¡ !, ¿ ?, .

    HSE borrows the Inverted exclamation mark (¡) and Inverted question mark (¿) from Spanish for added clarity. In addition.

    The Special Modifiers for Pluralization and the Possessive Form (�­, á´�)

    HSE has two special modifiers; one each for pluralization (�­) and the possessive form (á´�). Their use replaces all other forms of the possessive and possessive form. The "Pla" is written "�­", and the "Plo" as "á´�." In the case of both pluralization and the possessive, the sequence is pluralization then possessive: Man�­á´�.

    <--6>Examples<--/6>

    Usage of Numbers and Other Punctuation

    Use of numbers in sentances is considdered ideal, unlike standard English. For example: "I love all 3 of those cars." vs "I love all three of those cars."

    Boxed Commons

    General Explanation

    In a further effort to reduce the physical size of written texts, each letter has been assigned a to a letter-word pair. By placing a letter (or consecutive letters) in a box -always in the uppercase form- whole words can be reduced to a single character-width. Thus, "About" (5 letters) becomes B, "Could" becomes K, and "Time" becomes T. Several Boxed Commons may be included in a single box. Thus: ¡BT! holds the same meaning as "About time!" Punctuation marks are placed outside of boxings, but special modifiers may be placed inside a boxing if it would otherwise require two boxes.

    The letters "A" and "I" each hold a standalone meaning already, and were therefor not included in the set of Boxed Commons. They may be included inside a boxing.

    Example

    1. Standard English:

      1. That about which people said could become other than it was would, in time, find themselves wrong.

    2. HSE without boxing:

      1. ȶat about whiÊ¢ ȶe personÑ� said kould bekome oȶer ȶan it was would, in time, find, ȶemself�­ wrong.

    3. English with Boxing:

      1. That BP�­SK become O than it was W, in T, X themselves wrong.

    4. Full HSE with boxig:

      1. ȶat BP�­SK bekome O ȶan it was W, in T, X, ȶemself�­ wrong.

    Methodology of Selection

    The words that were selected for inclusion as Boxed Commons were pulled from the most commonly used words (as shown in Oxford English Corpus) in the English language that were four or more characters long after converting to HSE. For example, "have" is the 9th most commonly used word, and was therefore included. However, "that" is the 8th most commonly used word, but was not included as a Boxed Common as it is only three characters long (ȶat) when written in HSE.

    List of Boxed Commons

    #

    Letter

    Word

    Rank

    1

    A

    A (Does not require boxing.)

    4

    2

    B

    About

    54

    3

    ʢ (CH)

    Which

    45

    4

    D

    Down

    93

    5

    E

    Some

    61

    6

    F

    From

    25

    7

    G

    Into

    67

    8

    H

    Have

    24

    9

    I

    I (Does not require boxing.)

    20

    10

    ₲ (ING)

    Long

    92

    11

    J

    Were

    35

    12

    K

    Could

    76

    13

    L

    Like

    65

    14

    M

    Many

    54

    15

    N

    Make

    64

    16

    O

    Other

    53

    17

    P

    Person (Actual word: "People")

    80

    18

    R

    More

    72

    19

    S

    Said

    40

    20

    ʪ (SH)

    Water

    84

    21

    T

    Time

    68

    22

    ȶ (TH)

    There

    41

    23

    U

    Would

    63

    24

    V

    What

    33

    25

    W

    Word

    30

    26

    X

    Find

    91

    27

    Y

    When

    37

    28

    Z

    Wright

    73

    29

    Ã…Å  (NG)



    *Ranking refers to the frequency rank usage. For example "the" is the most used word in English, and would have the rank of 1.

    Notes For Further Development of HES